Go to TOC for this film ( (which has also a statement on purpose and manner of analysis and a disclaimer as to caveat emptor and my knowing anything authoritatively, which I do not, but I do try to not know earnestly, with some discretion, and considerable thought).
TOC and Supplemental Posts | Part 1 - The First Ascent | Part 2 - The Interview | Part 3 - Closing Day
| Part 4 - A Month Later | Part 5 - Tuesday | Part 6 - Thursday | Part 7 - Saturday | Part 8 - Monday
| Part 9 - Wednesday Part One | Part 10 - Wednesday Part Two | Part 11 - 8 AM | Part 12 - 4 PM
| Films Home
LINKS TO SECTIONS OF THE ANALYSIS ON THIS PAGE:
Jack Shines in the Colorado Lounge as Wendy and Danny Play Outside, Shots 209 through 210
Shining, Doubling, and the Use of Ligeti's "Lontano"
In Review, What Has Kubrick Given Us in This Section?
Shining in the Shining Mountains
Ah, c'mon, can't just be looking out the window? Being crazy, yeah, but just looking out the window?
The Food for Thought
209 Title. Thursday. (46:00)
210 Exterior studio set lodge. (46:03)
The "Tuesday" section was the last time we will see the mountain. The snow having arrived, from now on we only will view the lodge. The opening shot of this section is different from the others as we don't have a distant shot of the hotel from down the mountain, instead viewing only a portion of it and Wendy and Danny playing before it. From the direction of the hill over which they'll later escape in the Snowcat, Wendy and Danny run screen right to left from the hill past the garage. The conditions are near white out. They pass a pyramid of snow resting against the lodge and the high piercing tone begins which we'd heard in the game room when Danny had turned and seen the twins while throwing darts. But Danny and his mother are tossing snowballs at each other. Danny is not shining.
WENDY: I know you've got some!
Danny throws a snowball and she laughs.
WENDY: Missed! (This is what the subtitles states is said.)
They run a little further.
DANNY: Don't ask! (The subtitles give Danny as saying, "Don't have.")
WENDY: No fair anymore!
She turns and throws a snowball at Danny as he closes in, and he tosses another at her.
211 MS Jack interior lodge. (46:23)
Cut to Jack standing in the Colorado Lounge, a fire blazing in the fireplace behind him, he to screen left of it, a moose head with large antlers on the wall behind him.
Jack has a peculiar expression on his face as he stares, simply stares. Looking at what?
He raises his left eyebrow so that we see both of his pupils brightly illuminated by what we take to be the natural conditions due the exterior white out, but we just saw that most of the ground windows of the hotel have been covered over by snow which means it would be dark inside.
One could say his eyes are shining.
There's that moose head on the wall behind him.
For the fun of it. Antler comes from a French word meaning something like horns before the eyes. If you know sculpture, you know Michelangelo sculpted Moses so that he had two horns. This is because after his communion with God on the mountain, when he descended with the two tablets of the law, Moses' face was given as shining, and the horns somehow represented this. As Jack's shining so brightly here, standing before the moose with its antlers/horns, I reasoned it might not be inappropriate to note this, that qaran was the word used for Moses' peculiar "shining" and means to shoot out horns, as rays.
If Kubrick is intending this juxtaposition, it fits in with not only Kubrick exploring free will versus fate, but ideas of enforcing law, such as Jack's concern, which will begin now to consume him, with getting Danny and Wendy in line, with ensuring they act according to the will of the lodge, even if it means killing them. It's not too unlike A Clockwork Orange in which Alex's droogs pulled him down from his leader roost, after which he realized "the oomny ones used like inspiration and what Bog sends...it was lovely music that came to my aid. There was a window open with the stereo on and I viddied right at once what to do." What he viddied was attacking his droogs as it was not a democratic organization they had, he was ruler and had to get them back in line. For Jack, not only does he see Wendy and Danny as interfering with his work but he has visions in which he's told he must exert extreme, even deadly, control over them. Awareness of these visions seems absent him, however, even as if he is two different people.
Danny had said that his conversations with Tony were like being talked to in his sleep and he didn't remember everything when he woke up. The viewer begins to have the impression, with this scene, that something similar is occurring with Jack. It is also likely that he remembers almost nothing when he "wakes up".
The music that was playing in the scene where Danny shined the girls, which we heard again in the C1 "story" locker where he shined with Dick, was Gyorgi Ligeti's Lontano, which means "distant". Lontano is used here as well.
Doublings are throughout Kubrick's work, and we find in Lontano that there are a number of doublings. Program notes for Lontano given by the San Francisco Symphony state the score "calls for four flutes (second and third doubling piccolo, fourth doubling alto flute), four oboes (fourth doubling English horn), four clarinets (third doubling bass clarinet, fourth doubling contrabass clarinet ad libitum), three bassoons and contrabasson, four horns, three trumpets, three trombones, tuba and strings."
Ligeti had to say of Lontano:
The crystallizations of harmonies have several layers: within the harmonies are enclosed interior harmonies, and more interior harmonies within those interior harmonies, and so on. There is not merely one process of harmonic transformation, but rather several simultaneous processes going on at different speeds, which shine through one another, overlain one upon the other, and by means of various refractions and reflections make perceptible an imaginary perspective. This process unfolds itself gradually on the listener, rather like what happens when you step from sharp sunlight into a dark room and gradually begin to notice colors and outlines become more and more perceptible.
Ligeti further had to say of his music:
I favor musical forms that are less process-like and more object-like. Music as frozen time, as an object in an imaginary space that is evoked in our imaginations through music itself. Music as a structure that, despite its unfolding in the flux of time, is still synchronistically conceivable, simultaneously present in all its moments. To hold on to time, to suspend its disappearance, to confine it in the present moment, this is my primary goal in composition.
In light of what Ligeti related of the layerings and reflections, the doublings, it's easy to see why Kubrick would have thought this appropriate music to accompany certain shinings in the film.
But have you considered that there may not be any real windows in Kubrick's The Shining except the bathroom window out of which Danny crawls? By design, the only seeming possible real windows we have in the hotel are those in the lobby and the Colorado Lounge. But have you seen any exterior windows that are anything like those we find in the lobby and the Colorado Lounge? I mean, it's not like Stanley didn't have these windows and couldn't have used them for the exterior set? Or it's not like he couldn't have had windows like them in the exterior set. For some reason he didn't.
I'm serious. I don't think there is any real window in the Overlook except for, just perhaps, the bathroom window. Rather than saying of the exterior set, "Well, it may have been too much trouble to give the Colorado Lounge or the lobby a home in it and make it look like they even possibly exist", why not instead say of it, "Why the hell did Kubrick make the exterior set in such a way that its windows have nothing to do with the interior, not even the lobby or the Colorado Lounge?"
First placed online 2007-2009 in loose form. Added all shots 2012. Approx 1600 words or 4 single-spaced pages. A 12 minute read at 130 wpm.